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Salmon Chase

Salmon Portland Chase, a Cincinnati attorney, was born in 1808 in Cornish, New Hampshire. He was widely regarded for his legal prowess and his writings on the law in Ohio. He would also become one of the most vocal and proactive anti-slavery proponents in the country. His prominence resulted in his election to the U.S. Senate for Ohio in 1849 and as governor of Ohio in 1855.

Chase would pursue a nomination for President in the infant Republican Party in 1860 but failed to gain the nomination, losing to Abraham Lincoln. However, President Lincoln selected Chase as Secretary of the Treasury. Chase would remain as Secretary until 1864, when a widening rift between Chase and President Lincoln resulted in Chase's resignation from the post. Shortly thereafter Lincoln appointed Chase Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, where he served until his death in 1873. Salmon Chase is buried in Cincinnati at Spring Grove Cemetery.

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The Politics of Abolition: Salmon P. Chase in Cincinnati

Baringer, William E. (Author)
Summer 1971
In: Cincinnati Historical Society Bulletin, Volume 29, No. 2, p. 78-99

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Salmon P. Chase commemorative silver pitcher

Presented to Salmon P. Chase
by the Colored People Of Cincinnati
May 6, 1845

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Address and reply on the presentation of a testimonial to S.P. Chase, by the colored people of Cincinnati

1845
R.B. Pamphlets 326.973 A227

This pamphlet recounts the case of Samuel Watson and the presentation of the silver pitcher to Samuel Chase on May 6, 1845.

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Lincoln, Chase, and the Ohio Radicals in 1864

Zornow, William Frank (Author)
January 1951
In: Bulletin of the Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio, Volume 9, No. 1, p. 2-32

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Salmon P. Chase and Abraham Lincoln

Court, Susan J. (Author)
Winter 1981
In: Cincinnati Historical Society Bulletin, Volume 39, No. 4, p. 250-260

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Alexander Long, Salmon P. Chase, and the Election of 1868

Perzel, Edward S. (Author)
January 1965
In: Cincinnati Historical Society Bulletin, Volume 23, No. 1, p. 2-18

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The Old Order Trembles: The Formation of the Republican Party in Ohio

Kremm, Thomas W. (Author)
Fall 1978
In: Cincinnati Historical Society Bulletin, Volume 36, No. 3, p. 193-215

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"Let Commerce Follow the flag": Trade and Loyalty to the Union in the Ohio Valley

Terry, Clinton W. (Author)
Spring 2001
In: Ohio Valley History, Volume 1, No. 2, p. 2-14

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James G. Birney's Anti-Slavery Activities in Cincinnati

Fladeland, Betty L. (Author)
October 1951
In: Bulletin of the Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio, Volume 9, No. 4, p. 250-265

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"As My Father's Child Has": The Political Culture of the Ohio Valley in the Nineteenth Century

Etcheson, Nicole (Author)
Winter 2001
In: Ohio Valley History, Volume 1, No. 1, p. 27-36
This is an article about Salmon Chase's daughter, Kate Chase.

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The Decline of the Ohio Know-Nothings, 1856-1860

Weaver, John B. (Author)
Winter 1982
In: Cincinnati Historical Society Bulletin, Volume 40, No. 4, p. 235-246

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Oran Follett Papers

1822-1889
Mss qF667c

This collection contains several letters from Salmon Chase.
Transcriptions of these letters were published in the Quarterly Publication of the Historical and Philosophical Society of Ohio, Volume 13, No. 2:

Salmon P. Chase to John Greiner, May 10, 1854 View PDF

Salmon P. Chase to Oran Follett, Dec. 24, 1854 View PDF

Salmon P. Chase to Oran Follett, Jan. 1, 1855 View PDF

Salmon P. Chase to Oran Follett, Feb. 14, 1855 View PDF

Salmon P. Chase to Oran Follett, Feb. 23, 1855 View PDF

Salmon P. Chase to Oran Follett, Feb. 27, 1855 View PDF

Salmon P. Chase to Oran Follett, Mar. 23, 1855 View PDF

Salmon P. Chase to Oran Follett, May 4, 1855 View PDF

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Letters from Abraham Lincoln to Salmon P. Chase, Secretary of the Treasury

1861-1864
Mss VF 3017

This collection has three letters from President Lincoln to Chase.

These letters are part of the Lincoln Originals online exhibit:

Letter from Lincoln to the Secretary of the Treasury regarding appointments for appraisership in New York (David Webb) and George Dennison as Naval officer, May 16, 1861

Recommendation for members of the firm of H.E. Bridge & Co. who wish to trade in the south and on the tributaries of the Mississippi River. Lincoln’s note (ANS) to the Secretary of the Treasury on the verso of their application, July 21, 1863

Letter from Lincoln regarding the massacre of Negro troops after the surrender at Fort Pillow; asks for an opinion for the course of the government, May 3, 1864

Salmon Portland Chase Collection

1845-1878
Mss Micro 53

Collection consisting almost entirely of letters written by Salmon Chase and relating to politics and slavery. Includes letters to Flamen Ball, Thomas H. Yeatman, Homer G. Plantz, Benjamin Aydelott, and Andrew Johnson.

Letter from Salmon P. Chase, Cincinnati, to Lewis Tappen, New York

February 25, 1846
Mss VF 2733

Re: Requests $100 for American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society

Letter from Salmon P. Chase to Major General Dix

March 17, 1864
Mss VF 4356

Re: As Secretary of the Treasury Chase states he’s unable to interfere in a dispute over warehouse duties.

Letter from Salmon P. Chase to C. F. Schmidt

February 27, 1867
Mss VF 2732

Re: $100 will be sent to him [Schmidt].

Letter from Salmon P. Chase to C. F. Schmidt

August 12, 1864
Mss VF 4239

Regarding the 1864 election.

Letter from Salmon P. Chase, Columbus, to J. Kennedy Findlay

June 6, 1856
Mss VF 3995

Re: Senatorial term

4 letters from Salmon P. Chase to Benjamin R. Cowen

April-November 1860
Mss VF 2731

Re: Presidential nomination and election

Letter from Salmon P. Chase, to [?]

June 23, 1855
Mss VF 4198

Re: Know Nothing Convention of 1855

Letter from Salmon P. Chase to Lewis J. Cist

December 30, 1854
Mss VF 3967
Re: Sending census compendium to Young Men’s Mercantile Library

Letter from Salmon P. Chase to Bishop of Ohio

August 26, 1861
Mss VF 4200

Re: War and his wish for peace

Letter from Salmon P. Chase to [?]

January 28, 1850
Mss VF 4197

Re: Free Soil parties

Susan Walker Papers

1864
Mss qW184 RFM

Letters from Salmon P. Chase in support of Susan Walker’s education of African Americans

Reclamation of fugitives from service : an argument for the defendant…in the case of Wharton Jones vs. John Van Zandt

Chase, Salmon P. (Author)
1847
R.B. 973.7115 C487

Speech of Salmon P. Chase in the case of the colored woman, Matilda : who was brought before the Court of Common Pleas of Hamilton County, Ohio

1837
R.B. Pamphlets 326.973 C487m

Address at Music Hall, Cincinnati, Ohio on the occasion of the removal of the remains of Salmon P. Chase to Spring Grove Cemetery, Thursday, October 14, 1886

Hoadly, George (Author)
1887
B C487H

Addresses at the unveiling of a monument by the American Bar Association to Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase at Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio, May thirtieth, 1923

1923
Pam B C487A

For more information about these and other items about Salmon P. Chase, please contact our reference librarians at library@cincymuseum.org

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