Wendell P. Dabney      

Guide to African American Resources
at the Cincinnati History Library and Archives




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Cincinnati History
Library and Archives

Cincinnati Museum Center at Union Terminal










The Black Struggle for Desegregated Quality Education : Cincinnati, Ohio, 1954-1974
By Michael Washington
Thesis f370.19342 W317
This thesis by Michael Washington begins with the 1954 Supreme Court ruling concerning Brown vs. Board of Education and traces developments in Cincinnati up to the desegregation ruling in December of 1973 which was set aside in January of 1974. View catalog record   Request slip
Peter H. Clark
Peter Clark was born in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1829 and became a school principal and school board member. He supported segregated schools because he felt the teachers he trained would not be hired in an integrated school. Clark also became involved in politics and was a member of the Workingmen’s Party, a socialist organization, for a few years. More information
Colored Industrial School of Cincinnati
Established in 1909 by Sallie J. McCall in her will, the Colored Industrial School of Cincinnati opened in 1914 to serve the African American community. In its first decade, the school graduated close to 600 students. The school remained opened for nearly fifty years, finally closing its doors in 1962. More information
Douglass School
The Douglass School, named for the famed abolitionist, Frederick Douglass, has long been an educational beacon in Cincinnati. For most of that history, which dates back to the 1850s, it was a magnet for African American children and teachers and well known for its educational excellence. Many of Cincinnati’s African American leaders attended the school, including Wilbur A. Page, DeHart Hubbard and Jennie Porter. More information
Educated Pioneers: Black Women at the University of Cincinnati, 1897-1940
By Delores Thompson and Lyle Koehler in Queen City Heritage, Vol. 43, No. 4. Winter 1985, pages 21‑28.
General f906 H673B
This article discusses how African American women worked to overcome barriers at the University of Cincinnati from 1897 to 1940. It highlights the experiences of Jennie Porter, Vera Clement, Helen Elsie Austin and Lucy Orintha Oxley.
View article (PDF)
The Education of Negroes in Ohio
By Frederick A. McGinnis
General 370.193 M145
This book covers the education of Negroes in Ohio from 1816-1956. It includes the history of early Ohio settlers, the status of colored people in Ohio in the early years, the history of Negro education, “Black Laws,” and higher education in Ohio. View catalog record   Request slip
The Educational Development of Blacks in Cincinnati from 1800 to the Present
By Walter McKinley Nicholes
Thesis 370.193 N61 T
This 1977 thesis discusses the establishment of Colored Public Schools in the 19th century and continued racial segregation in the 20th century. View catalog record   Request slip
Harriet Beecher Stowe School
The Harriet Beecher Stowe School was established in 1914 by Jennie D. Porter. The school was designed to give African American children the same educational experiences that white children received. Before it closed in 1962, many prominent Cincinnati citizens, such as Theodore Berry and DeHart Hubbard attended. More information
History of Negro Education in the Cincinnati Public Schools
By the Department of Instruction, Cincinnati Public Schools
Pamphlets f371.82 H673
This study follows the progress of Negro education in the Cincinnati Public Schools from 1826-1964. It explores not only the development of schools, but touches on people involved and the legal aspects of segregation. View catalog record   Request slip
Institutional Racism
By Robert E. Manley and C. Gregory Dale
Mss VF 552
This paper was presented at a Cincinnati Human Relations Commission symposium in 1983. It discusses the migration of African Americans from the city to the northern suburbs (Springdale, Glendale, Wyoming, Woodlawn, Forest Park, Greenhills, Mt. Healthy, Springfield Township and the eastern portion of Colerain Township) and the effects of that migration on the public schools in the suburbs. Request slip
William L. Mallory, Sr.
William L. Mallory, Sr. served in the Ohio House of Representatives for 28 years and was Ohio’s first African American Majority Floor Leader from 1975 to 1994. He worked to improve education in Ohio through legislation and was strong supporter of Central State University. He also taught as an adjunct professor at the University of Cincinnati. More information
Negro Opportunities in Cincinnati
Mss VF 851
Negro Opportunities in Cincinnati gives an overview of the history of African Americans in Cincinnati and then goes on to discuss their conditions in the 1920s and 1930s particularly in the areas of housing, health, recreation, crime, social work, education, and business. Request slip
Oak Avenue School, Wyoming, Ohio
Pamphlets f372.1042 O11
The Oak Avenue School at 800 Oak Ave. was built in the 1880s as a school for African American students. Originally called the Wyoming Colony School, it was renamed the Oak Avenue School in 1933, following some renovations. The school was closed in 1956 due to school integration, and the building is now the Wyoming Municipal Building. This pamphlet for the school's reunion in 1991 includes biographies of past educators, a history of the school and photographs. View catalog record   Request slip
Jennie D. Porter
Jennie D. Porter was born in Cincinnati in 1876. In 1914, she established the Harriet Beecher Stowe School, designed to give African American children the same educational experiences that white children received. Porter was its first principal and served as such until her death in 1936. More information
Response to the Central Committee of the United Black Association
By Walter C. Langsam
Mss VF 491
In this May 27, 1969 letter, Walter Langsam, president of the University of Cincinnati, responds to demands presented by the United Black Association and outlines the university's plans to address the needs of African American students and employees. Request slip
The Struggle for Quality Desegregated Education beyond the Alternative School Program, Cincinnati, Ohio, 1974-1988
By Charles C. Jackson
Thesis f370.19342 J13
Charles C. Jackson begins his study with the setting aside of the desegregation resolution in January 1974 which was passed by the previous Cincinnati School Board in December 1973.  He discusses the adoption of the alternative school program and the lawsuit that ensued from these actions, Bronson vs. Board of Education. View catalog record   Request slip

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This online guide opened on February 10, 2004.